Aron Grunhut Thank You Letter

Aron Grunhut Thank You Letter

Zalman Collection

Zalman Recommendation Letter

Zalman Recommendation Letter

Zalman Collection

Zalman Letter about Office Space – Israel

Zalman letter expressing concerns about office space.

Zalman Collection

1966 Hapoel Tel Aviv Award Certificate

Zalman Hapoel Tel Aviv Award Certificate

Zalman Collection

1957 United States Philadelphia Civil Defense Badge

There’s a photo taken during a friendly soccer match sometime in the late 1950s between the United States in Hapoel Tel Aviv in Philadelphia or questionably at Brooklyn Ebbets field. An event possibly attending by Marilyn Monroe, while dating Arthur Miller, a larger financial contributor to the State of Israel at the time. At the Philadelphia sports event, Zalman received an honorary badge that reads “Philadelphia Civil Defense - Honorary Deputy”. Source: Zalman Collection

Zalman Collection

The Arolsen Archives Unreich Missing Person File

New Unreich related materials in a recently published new digitized database sourced from the Arolsen Archives collection. Papers filed during the search for Zalman’s parents by Moshe Enright (aka Unreich) and Aron Grunhut. Mentions Sulim, Regina and Teresa sent to the Sered “work” concentration camp. We visited the camp last year, but didn’t find any records about them there. Clearly the report show otherwise, prior to being deported to Auschwitz.

Zalman Collection

1950 Israel Embassy in Prague Silverware

Vintage Teacup spoon and fork from Legation D'Israel Office in Prague.

Zalman Collectiob

1949 Israel Foreign Ministry Letter

Permission to get passport.

Zalman Collection

Israel Foreign Ministry Letter

Permission letter for Prague diplomatic assignment.

Zalman Collection

1948 Cable

Haganah cable

Zalman Collection

Rabbi Morton R. Bearman Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Rabbi Morton R. Bearman Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Zalman Collection

Schwartz Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Schwartz Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Zalman Collection

Golda Meir Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Mrs. Meir was Zalman’s boss, when serving as forging minister to USSR. She was the first female prime minister of Israel.

Zalman Collection

Yaakov Levinson Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

A native of Tel Aviv, Mr. Levinson rose in the labor movement's economic establishment. He earned a reputation as a financial wizard when Bank Hapoalim, under his leadership, became a major banking institution.

Zalman Collection

1946 Municipality of Israel Letter

Zalman as part of the Haganah, assisted in delivering supplies, this letter lists the items.

Zalman Collection

1944 Moshe Unreich Note

The letter you mentioned with "mein lieber kinder” is not what we thought it is - sounds like a friend of Moshe.

Judy Reifer Enright

1943 Zalman Wrestling Ad

Zalman Wrestling Ad

Zalman Collection

Zalman Israeli Passport

Zalman Israeli Passport

Zalman Collection

1939 Reply To Tzvi Unreich (Hasko) Letter

There months later, the British Government of Palestine response to Hashko’s letter on June 25, 1939. These letters are heart-breaking. The heartless and unsympathetic response from the British official is really nauseating. It must have been so awful for the brothers to feel so powerless.

Rachel Weis

1939 Tzvi Unreich (Hasko) Letter

In an another correspondence letter, dated March 30, 1939, Tzvi Yehuda “Hashko”, the youngest of the brothers tried to get a Visa for his parents and return them to Israel. The letters begging on their behalf to be allowed entry of the British government at the time, however there requested was denied or ignored. Part of Hashko’s letter to the Department of Immigration of Palestine reads - see translation.

Rachel Weis

1939 David Unreich Article

David Unriech article

Rachel Weis

1938 Newspaper Article

1938 Israeli Sports Newspaper with Zalman giving an orange to possibly Eduard Havlicek an Austrian soccer player.

Zalman Collection

1938 Telegraph A – 9 Kapucínska – Bratislava, Slovakia

A telegram artifact from around 1938, where Zalman seems to be corresponding with his parents and possibly trying to arrange for them to get out of Bratislava.

Zalman Collection

1937 Newspaper Article

Available upon request

Zalman Collection

1933 Zalman Egypt Wrestling Ad

Zalman Wrestling Ad

Zalman Collection

Zalman School Student Presentation Notes

As a professional athlete, Zalman understood first-hand the art of wrestling, but he also became involved in the management and administrative side of youth sports and education, dating back to Bratislava. Indeed, a 1933 or 1934 document translated from Czech, identified Sigmund’s, also known as Zalman, involvement in the cost management and proposal preparation to the Social Committee of the Prague Jewish Council encouraging them to invest more in the Young Jewish Generation, resulting in helping them choose a better career. Even then, the investment by the public school system in Jewish students was sufficient. In order to prepare Jewish youth, more investment was necessary to help them enter institutions of higher education. They attempted to demonstrate this point, by showing the disparity in cost between Jewish and non-Jewish youth in different institutions of higher education was greatly uneven. These organizations, included Jewish youth and student clubs, just like the Športový Klub (ŠK) Makkabea.

Zalman Collection

Zalman Sports Club and Judges Blind Hate Note

While Zalman had lots of success on the wrestling mat, he experienced just as many struggles. Zalman documented some of the difficulties within the Czechoslovakian wrestling organization, which was heavily influenced by politics and anti-Semitism. In the end, many of these challenges motivated Zalman and his friends to work harder. As he described it, for months and months they had little to no money from the Sports Club to pay the necessary expenses like rent for fields and practice space or travel to competitions. The team also experienced unfair and anti-semetic judging. In one particular match, Zalman noted that one Judge who voted against them was not even on-site for the match. There was “blind hate” in the Union against the Jewish team. The team ultimately complained about the questionable judging and was reluctant to participate in the championship, where they ultimately lost as a result of additional questionable judging. Notwithstanding these setbacks, Zalman remained committed to the sport and enjoyed a successful wrestling career in Bratislava.

Zalman Collection

Letter About Delivery of Homing Pigeons

Letter about purchasing specific type of pigeons for possibly sport or delivery of communications.

Zalman Collection

1900 Sulim and Regina Unriech Marriage Record

1900 Sulim and Regina Unriech Marriage Record

Zalman Collection

Zalman Wrestling Match Notes

Zalman's handwritten notes about wrestling.

Zalman Collection

Zalman Ringer Wrestling Notes

Zalman's handwritten notes about wrestling.

Zalman Collection

1985 Thank You Letter to Gerty On Unreich

Zalman was thanked again for being the “Israeli Champion who Saved Holy Scriptures” in 1959. See 1950's Photo Archive for more information.

Zalman Collection

1977 Newspaper Article

Available upon request

Zalman Collection

1973 Newspaper Article

Available upon request

Zalman Collection

Frank Sinatra Letter to Zalman - United States

Frank Sinatra Holiday Greetings Letter to Zalman Unreich.

Zalman Collection

1955 American Trade Union Letter

Zalman was connected to Dubnisky, an American labor land trade union leader. He served as president of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU). Was a philanthropist and help fund Israel via the Histadrut. In a letter dated October 26, 1955 possibly post this event with the American Trade Union, it reads - see translation.

Zalman Collection

Zalman’s Czech Secret Police File

Zalman Dossier from Czech Security Services Archive.

Zalman Collection

1950 Israel Embassy in Prague Tea Cup

Vintage Teacup & Saucer from Legation D'Israel Office in Prague.

Zalman Collection

1949 Legation D'Israel Letter

Letter to Moshe Unreich from Prague Israeli Legation mentioning Zalman doing well.

Judy Reifer Enright

Zalman’s Haganah Papers

Available upon request

Zalman Collection

Mickey Marcus Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Mr Marcus a friend and colleague of Zalman was a United States Army colonel who assisted Israel during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and who became Israel's first modern general (Hebrew: Aluf). Sadly, he was killed by friendly fire, when he was mistaken for an enemy infiltrator while returning to Israeli positions at night.

Zalman Collection

Walter Reuther Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Mr. Reuther was an American leader of organized labor and civil rights activist who built the United Automobile Workers (UAW) into one of the most progressive labor unions in American history. A powerful ally of Martin Luther King, Jr. and the civil rights movement. The National Committee for Israel Labor gave Reuther the Histadrut Humanitarian Award in 1958.

Zalman Collection

Thank You Letter From Jewish Prisoners in Kenya – Israel

Towards the end of the British Mandate, the British arrested and deported many Jewish underground pioneers, transporting these individuals to detention camps in Africa, including Kenya. The British believed that deportation would act as a deterrent and also prevent the detainees from continuing to fight for their cause against the British in Palestine. Zalman receives “Nameless” (אלמונים) Thank You Letter for assisting exiles when returned to Israel months after the establishment of the State of Israel around July 1948.

Zalman Collection

Yisrael Galili Note - Zalman’s Memorable Words By Visitors of the Histadrut House

Mr. Galili was an Israeli politician, government minister and member of Knesset. Before Israel's independence in 1948, he served as Chief of Staff of the Haganah.

Zalman Collection

1947 Newspaper Article

Available upon request

Zalman Collection

1946 Zalman Son Bris High Ranking Officials Signed Note

Signed letter from high ranking Israeli officials to Zalman congratulating on son's bris.

Zalman Collection

1944 Israel Aliya Center Letter

Zalman finally received the approval certificate from the Aliya Center (British Government) in Israel to bring his parents and family from Bratislava to Palestine, however it was already too late to rescue them. His sibling communication attempts in 1939 were also unsuccessful to save their parents.

Zalman Collection

1943 Newspaper Article

Available upon request

Zalman Collection

Zalman Israeli Diplomatic Passport

Zalman Israeli Diplomatic Passport

Zalman Collection

1939 Wrestling Courier David Unreich

David Unriech article

Rachel Weis

1939 New York Post Article

David Unriech article

Rachel Weis

1939 Shlomo Unreich Letter

1939 Shlomo Unreich Letter

Rachel Weis

1938 Security Dog Letter – Israel and Germany

Supposedly, Zalman had many undercover assignments. One such early assignment from the Haganah involved Zalman leading the efforts on behalf of the British to transfer millions of pounds between bank locations in Palestine. Sir James Newton Rodney Moore was a British General who befriended and trusted Zalman with these responsibilities. His Travel Passport allowed Zalman to bypass the curfews and travel restrictions, while gathering intelligence and information along his travels. To further aid in these efforts and to provide protection while he was transporting funds, Zalman sent a letter on September 3, 1938 to a German company called Rex, seeking to purchase security dogs to protect him while out in the field. This is one of two related letters. There's a photo of Zalman with the Rex Security Dog, Circa 1938 in Palestine, Israel. Source: Zalman Collection

Zalman Collection

1938 Telegraph B – 9 Kapucínska – Bratislava, Slovakia

A telegram artifact from around 1938, where Zalman seems to be corresponding with his parents and possibly trying to arrange for them to get out of Bratislava.

Zalman Collection

Zalman Palestine Travel Passport

Zalman Palestine Travel Passport

Zalman Collection

1933 Zalman Egypt Wrestling Ad No 2

Zalman Wrestling Ad

Zalman Collection

Zalman's Medals

Photo of Zalman's Medals.

Zalman Collection

1930 Shlomo Post Card to Parents

Shlomo Unreich postcard to his parents in Bratislava. In 1929, Shlomo’s motivation to immigrate was inspired by the news around the Arab riots and massacre on the Jewish community of Hebron. He informed his parents about his desires to leave, and it was received by major disappointment by both his parents as a “punishment from heaven”, even if his mother ended up helping to take care of preparing his clothes and necessities for a risky trip. Shlomo had to forge the signature on his passport request form for two reasons, one because he wasn’t the age of maturity (at the time twenty) and his father objected to the matter. In fact his Sulim stopped talking to Shlomo until the Aliyah.

Zalman Collection

1921 Jüdische Presse - Article About Sulim Unriech Involvement with Agudas Israel

Article about Sulim Unriech involvement with Agudas Israel on page 3

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Zalman Uprising Wrestling Notes

This is Zalman's keynote presentation covering many topics about Zalman's career and noteworthy wrestling undertakings, since 1927, was winning the Slovak championship in wrestling – in the welterweight class, which is a heavier than lightweight but lighter than middleweight. In 1928, he knocked-out the Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Austria middle-weight champions. Lastly, in 1929, he won against the Hungarian champion Hegedish - in the welterweight class. With all of these achievements, he becomes a role model for the Jewish youth in non-professional wrestling and eventually builds up their ambitions – which are characteristics that pave the way to success.

Zalman Collection

Zalman Vorwort Wrestling Notes

Zalman's handwritten notes about wrestling.

Zalman Collection

Zalman Unreich and Gerty Sussmann Wedding Record

Zalman Unreich and Gerty Sussmann Wedding Record

Zalman Collection

Zalman Burial Information

Zalman Burial Information

Zalman Collection

1976 Grandparents Letter from Gerty and Zalman Congratulating Parents on my Birth

Letter to my parents congratulating them on my birth

1969 Newspaper Article

Histadrut award ceremony

Zalman Collection